List of Contraceptives


In this article, we are going to look at a list of contraceptives. For many men and women choosing a contraceptive can be a challenge. There are many things that need to be considered before deciding which contraceptive is the right contraceptive for the individual. That statement may sound odd however, not everyone has the same type of sex life, for example many men and women enjoy having sexual intercourse with more than one partner. Therefore, a contraceptive that prevents both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases is recommended. For a monogamous married couple oral contraceptives may be ideal. Let us take a look at a list of contraceptives available to help you decide.

Barrier Methods Contraceptives

At the top of the list of contraceptives are barrier methods. These types of contraceptives are either a physical or a chemical barrier that prevents the sperm from fertilizing the egg and resulting in pregnancy. Some barrier method contraceptives include the male condom and the female condom both of these are physical barriers as they prevent the sperm from entering the vagina. Chemical barriers include the diaphragm, which uses a spermicide to kill the sperm. Many couples also use a spermicide with condoms and other contraceptive methods for extra protection.

Oral Contraceptives

Another popular method of birth control on our list of contraceptives is the birth control pill, which can be obtained in 24 day, and 28 day packs. Birth control pills come in two types the combination pill, which has two hormones in it estrogen and progestin. A fairly new birth control pill has just one hormone in it, progestin this pill is designed for women who have trouble with an overload of estrogen in their system. Progestin is only about 80% effective so condoms or another form of birth control is recommended for more protection.

Implanted Contraceptives

Implanted contraceptives are gaining more popularity and moving up the list of contraceptives as more and more women are enjoying the benefit of not having to remember to take pill everyday, purchase barrier method contraceptives or are not ready for a permanent type of birth control such as a tubal ligation or a vasectomy. Implanted contraceptives include the copper IUD (non-hormonal IUD) or the Mirena (hormonal IUD) both of these types of contraceptives are inserted in the doctor’s office and last up to ten years for the copper IUD and five years for the Minera IUD. The IUD’s can be removed at any time if a couple decides they would like to have a baby.

Miscellaneous Contraceptives

To complete our list of contraceptives let us look at the remaining uncategorized types of birth control. They include the patch (hormonal - for women), the Depo Provera shot (injection every 3 months), once a month birth control injection, NovaRing and the cervical cap are the most common types of birth control on our list of contraceptives.


The information provided on is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her health professional. This information is solely for informational purposes and does not constitute the practice of medicine. We encourage all visitors to see a licensed physician or nutritionist if they have any concerns regarding health issues related to diet, personal image and any other topics discussed on this site. Neither the owners or employees of nor the author(s) of site content take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading this site. Always speak with your primary health care provider before engaging in any form of self treatment. Please see our Legal Statement for further information.